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Menopause is a medical condition when a woman stops menstruating and is no longer fertile and unable to have children. It marks the period when a woman’s body undergoes a number of hormonal changes, and some of these changes can have a profound effect on women. The good news is that menopause doesn’t start overnight but it’s a gradual process; In most cases it begins after age 45 or more, although there is no well-defined time frame for this. This is the time a woman needs to understand the nature of the changes taking place in her body and the best way to counteract it to ensure that it does not affect her health.

Amongst the many changes that happen, Few are very common and can be addressed accordingly,

Hot Flashes and Menopause:

Hot flash is nothing but quick feeling of heat reflected by a flushed face and sweating caused as result of changes in circulation. While they cannot be totally prevented, they can always be made better and reduced.

  • Prefer wearing light breezy clothes and avoid layering.
  • Prefer dietary restrictions: avoid very oily and spicy food; alcohol is a strict no as it aggravates them.
  • Exercise: this has many benefits but one, it promotes bone growth, keeps weight under check, and addresses hot flashes.
  • Avoid alcohol, as it can trigger hot flashes.
  • Use soy based products, though there is not much evidence to support it.
  • Practice deep, slow abdominal breathing (for 15 minutes in the morning, 15 minutes in the evening and at the onset of hot flashes. It really helps.
  • In case nothing above helps, it is advised to speak to your doctor about taking hormone replacement therapy, for a brief period of fewer than 5 years. Your doctor would weight the pros and cons and then suggest a treatment plan to best address all the symptoms and cause minimal side effects.

Vaginal Dryness:

Use topical OTC lubricants and moisturizers to help you tide away painful intercourse and feeling of itchiness. They help in make it more enjoyable and less tacky.

Osteoporosis:

This causes the most damage and would need serious intervention. Calcium and Vitamin D supplements come in handy. There may be cases where specific medicine to address the damage may also be given.
In order to build upon bone density, the daily brisk walk is highly recommended and should be made a part of the daily routine.

These are the three most common challenges faced by menopausal women and it is good to speak to our gynecologist to suggest the best treatment plan based on your present conditions and past history. Just remember everything can be easily taken care of!

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