Although there are many ways to control birth, but in this blog we are going to talk about birth control pill and also we will know how it works and what are its advantages or disadvantages.
What is the Birth Control Pill and how does it work?
The birth control pill is a type of contraceptive that contains hormones that prevent pregnancy. People call it the “pill” because it comes in pill form. Women take the tablet orally (by mouth) once a day. The pill is most effective when you take it consistently at the same time each day.
How effective is the birth control pill?
This pill has the potential to be 99% effective at preventing pregnancy if you take it without fail – which means you don’t forget to take the pill for a day or two as well. However, taking the pill completely can be difficult, which is why nine out of 100 women who use the pill will have an unintended pregnancy each year. The pill is most reliable when you take it consistently at the same time every day. Being consistent helps to avoid fluctuating hormone levels.
How does the birth control pill work?
The hormones present in birth control pills prevent pregnancy in the following ways:
- Stopping or reducing ovulation (the release of an egg from an ovary).
- Thickening of cervical mucus to prevent sperm from entering the uterus.
- Thinning the lining of the uterus so that a fertilized egg is less likely to attach.
What are the types of birth control pills?
There are two different types of birth control pills. Both types contain hormones that prevent pregnancy.
Combination pills contain estrogen and progestin.
Progestin-only pills are also called “minipill”. They are better for some women, such as those who are breastfeeding or have a history of blood clots and stroke and should not take estrogen.
The pill comes in different dosage packs – from 21-day pill packs to 90-day pill packs, even for 365 days of active pills. Traditionally, depending on the brand and dosage, you take at least three weeks of active pills followed by two to seven days of hormone-free (inactive) pills. This is called cyclical dosing. Most women menstruate while on inactive pills. Some brands do not provide inactive pills in the pack at all (they only supply three weeks of active pills). With the 21 day pack a woman does not take any pills for a week. During this time, you will have your period, like what happens when you take inactive, hormone-free pills.
Is the pill sexually transmitted diseases (STIs)?STD) stops?
No, the pill sexually transmitted diseases (STD) or will not protect you from infection. STD, such as genital herpes, chlamydia and HIV, are transmitted through direct sexual contact and the exchange of bodily fluids such as semen. If you are sexually active STD The best way to prevent this is to use condoms in addition to the pill. Condoms, when used alone, are about 85% effective at preventing pregnancy. However, if the pill and condom are used together, both infection and pregnancy prevention are optimized. If you are not in a monogamous relationship with a partner, your healthcare provider will suggest using condoms with the pill to prevent pregnancy and STDs.
What are the benefits of taking the pill?
Some women take the pill for health purposes. Can pill:
- Regulate or lighten menstruation.
- Prevent anemia by lightening or shortening periods.
- Reduce menstrual cramps.
- Manage PMS and PMDD.
- Treat polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
- Treat endometriosis or uterine fibroids.
- Reduce the risk of ovarian cancer, uterine cancer and colon cancer.
- Improve acne.
- Stop unwanted hair growth.
- Reduce migraine.
Are there any side effects of taking the pill?
Some women experience side effects of the drug when they start taking the pill. These side effects often improve after a few months. Tell your healthcare provider if you experience side effects. You may be able to switch to another brand that doesn’t cause problems. However, waiting for symptoms for a few cycles often helps resolve many of the symptoms, especially when first starting a new pill regimen. Possible side effects include:
Are there any health risks from taking the pill?
Birth control pills are safe for most women. The pill has been available for over 60 years, so its use provides great comfort and experience. A small percentage of women taking the combination (estrogen-containing) contraceptive pill are at an increased risk for developing these rare complications:
Your doctor will talk to you about your level of risk based on your medical history. Fortunately, if a person is not able to use a pill containing estrogen, most can still safely take only progestin pills.
How quickly does the pill work?
It can take up to seven days for the pill to be effective in preventing pregnancy. During this time, you must use another form of birth control. If the pill is used to control symptoms such as acne or unusual bleeding, it may take three to four months to see real benefits.
What should I do if I forget to take a pill?
Take the missed tablet as soon as you remember it. Then take your usual daily dose as planned. You should also use a backup form of birth control until your period. Call your healthcare provider if you miss a pill for several days. Your provider can discuss pregnancy tests and emergency contraception options. While it is helpful to have package inserts available, most will give specific instructions about what to do if a pill is missed.
Should I avoid certain medicines while taking the pill?
You should always check with your healthcare provider before taking any new medicine or herbal supplement. Some medicines can make the pill less effective and increase your chances of getting pregnant. These products include:
- Antiseizure drugs.
- Herbal Supplement.
- Medicines used to treat HIV.
Can I take the pill while breastfeeding?
The combination birth control pill contains estrogen, which can reduce milk production. If you are breast-feeding, your healthcare provider may recommend taking a progestin-only pill instead. However, some women can use estrogen-containing pills once their milk supply is fully established, and a woman’s risk of blood clots is reduced.