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There are many risk factors behind any disease, in the same way, if we talk about skin cancer, then there are many factors behind it, after which this dangerous problem happens to people, but we can say that some factors are in our hands. There are some factors which we can control, but there are also some factors which we cannot control at all.

Basically in this blog we will know about some factors related to skin cancer which you hardly know.

There are many risk factors to skin cancer, these include:

Older age It is age dependent and chances of getting cancer increase with age since it reflects accumulated exposure to UV radiation.

Daily exposure – Irrespective of age, the more the time spent in the sun, the higher the chances of getting skin cancer.

Weakened immune system Poor immunity and prolonged use of immuno-suppressants in conditions like organ transplantation may increase your cancer risks.

Gender Male members are thrice more likely to develop skin cancers than women.

Moles Although not all moles may lead to cancer, yet the presence of a large number of moles may lead to an increased risk towards developing skin cancer. It is good to show your moles to a dermatologist who can help you find out the chances of it leading to skin cancer. There are certain specific mole types that might be dangerous, although the gross appearance still looks like the harmless mole.

Past history of skin disease/inflammation – Those who have had a history of burns, bone infections and any inflammatory skin disease are at higher risk for developing skin cancer.
Genetics plays a major role and those with family history of skin diseases and cancer are at increased risk for developing skin cancer. Any inherited genetic disease may also lead to getting the cancer.

Smoking – Smokers are more prone to developing skin cancers, particularly on the lips

Chemical exposure – Exposure to certain chemicals like arsenic, industrial tar, coal, paraffin may further increase the chances of getting skin cancer. A lot of cosmetics are loaded with chemicals that are not safe for skin, and might cause cancer on prolonged and regular use

Radiation exposure – Treatment with high energy radiations may also increase the risk for developing skin cancers in the exposed area

Psoriasis treatment – Prior treatment for skin diseases like psoriasis, ultraviolet light treatment.

Not only women but men also face the problem of breast cancer, it is believed that most of the symptoms of breast cancer are seen in women, but with time this problem is now being seen in men as well, so this problem can be solved. It is very important to know what are the symptoms and how it happens and this topic will be known in this blog.

Causes of Breast Cancer in Men:

Unlike in females who’s characteristics and causes are thoroughly defined, the causes and breast cancer treatment in males is not fully characterized. Researchers have narrowed down some of the causes of this cancer in men to genetic and environmental factors. Following are the causes:

  • High levels of Estrogen:
    The level of Estrogen production in men is very small and minor amount. Certain conditions might trigger the estrogen in your body level up resulting in enlarged male breasts known as gynecomastia. These abnormal conditions that increases estrogen include obesity, side effects to certain medications (medicines to reduce stomach acid, high blood pressure medicines) that are taken for a long period of time.
  • Hereditary Causes:
    Studies show that men with a history of this kind of cancer in the family among females are on a greater risk of developing the disease. With a lifetime risk of six in hundred, if the mutated breast cancer associated gene (BRCA2) is inherited by men, then it increases the chances by a huge margin.
  • Use of Finasteride:
    Popularly known as the drug which is widely used to treat Propecia (baldness) in men along with the cure for prostate enlargement (in order to prevent prostate cancer), this drug is known to increase the risk factor for this cancer in men.

Symptoms of Breast Cancer in Men:

Men should know that it is not entirely limited to only women. The symptoms in men are similar to that of in women. Some of the most evident symptoms include:

  • Visible sores on the nipple and areola.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes under the arm area.
  • Clear or bloody nipple discharge.
  • Nipple pain.
  • The presence of a lump in the breast.

If your nipple goes through some changes in the color or disfiguration, then that is also a sign of developing breast cancer. Changes like reddening, scaling, or dimpling of your skin covering the breasts is also a definite sign of this cancer in men.

It is very important to keep in mind that enlargement of both (not just one side) your breasts cannot necessarily mean that you have breast cancer. Non-cancerous enlargement of the breasts is caused due to, heavy alcohol consumption, weight gain, marijuana use etc. It is advisable to schedule a meeting with your doctor if any of these signs and symptoms are observed.

Treatment of Breast Cancer in Men:

Treatment of this cancer in men depends on many factors like the exact location of the cancer, the age of the patient, his health condition in general, and previous treatments. Switching therapy from hormone to another type of hormone therapy treatment has proven to be helpful. If hormone therapy is not responsive, then the next step is to go for a complete chemotherapy. Breast Cancer Treatment Cost vary from hospital to hospital (List of cancer hospitals in India).

Several drugs and combinations of drugs have been discovered to show positive results in the expulsion of the cancer cells.

During the stage one cancer treatment process, the main aim is to remove cancer surgically, which is done through the mastectomy. If its conserving surgery is done, then it is usually followed by a radiation therapy.

Chemotherapy is the usual next step, post surgery. The lymph nodes under the arm area are detected next for the cancer spread with the help of axillary lymph node dissection (ALND)or the sentinel node biopsy (SLNB).

During the stage two when the cancer is enlarged, neoadjuvant therapy is advised. For hormone receptor positive tumors, adjuvant hormone therapy with tamoxifen is given. Chemotherapy is always given at this stage.

Since this cancer is a very rare occurrence in men, it is still being researched about and the treatments with promising results are underway. There has been a huge improvement in the medications and availability of sufficient resources for its treatment in men.

Ovarian Cancer is a very painful disease which is seen in Majorly Women, it is considered very important for women to know about the symptoms of this problem and in this blog, we are going to know about its top 5 facts which you probably would only know.

Ovarian Cancer Fact 1: Every Women is at Risk

Almost every woman is susceptible to developing ovarian cancer, being overweight just increases the risk. It is good to be aware of the symptoms, factors that can cause increased risk of developing and family history. So the first Ovarian Cancer Fact stats that sooner the diagnosis the better are the chances of receiving treatment, hence it is vital to understand unusual symptoms that should not be ignored. It is known that if the cancer is restricted to ovaries, in the early stages, up to 90% of women are likely to survive for more than five.

  • Persistent bloating
  • Difficulty in eating/constant feeling of fullness
  • Pain in abdomen or pelvis

Ovarian Cancer Fact 2: Ovarian Cancer Is Often Diagnosed at a Late Stage

The sad part however is that most of the women visit the doctor too late, when the cancer is already at an advanced stage. Most of this happens as a result of lack of awareness about the symptoms and confusing these with other routine symptoms like starting of menstrual cycle and other common stomach and digestive complaints.

Ovarian Cancer Fact 3: It is Hereditary

Most of the cancers happen due to genetic modifications and if there is a family history of anyone suffering from cancer in the family, the chances of you developing are fairly higher. The risk factors are potentiated with some genetic predisposition; it is always advisable to initiate a proper screening early on and to keep a tab on any symptoms that might seem to be of concern. Starting early can be of real help and can help in proper treatment.

Ovarian Cancer Fact 4: Birth Control Pills Help

Birth Control Method like Contraceptives pills based on estrogen and progesterone play a major role in cutting down the risk of ovarian cancer within just a few months of initiating the treatment. They are also known to be effective in reducing the risk in women who are carriers of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutations, which make women highly susceptible to ovarian cancer.

Ovarian Cancer Fact 5: Cervical test doesn’t diagnose ovarian cancer

Though widely believed by many women, cervical smear test (or Pap test) doesn’t detect ovarian cancer but helps in detecting pre-cancerous changes to the cervical cells.

Lung cancer is one of the very common cancer problems that can happen to anyone, mostly this problem is due to smoking, but sometimes this problem also happens to non-smokers, they are faced with harmful chemicals or harmful air pollutants. It is advised that any ailment that impedes proper breathing should be shown to a pulmonologist for follow-up diagnosis, treatment plan and other queries.

Just anyone can get lung cancer
While cigarette smoking seems to be the obvious cause, it happens as a combination of multiple factors. Non-smokers also bear high risk of contracting lung cancer which includes exposure to various air borne chemicals and air pollutants like asbestos, industrial chemicals, secondhand smoke, pollutants in the air.

It is good to know about warning signs
While not all symptoms might confirm lung cancer, it is good to seek an expert opinion if symptoms like:

  • Persistent cough
  • Regular shortness of breath
  • Intense or mild back and shoulder pain
  • Any minor traces of blood in the cough

Show up and warrant immediate follow up with a pulmonologist.

CT screenings can save lives
Once the physician suspects of any minor chances of the patient having lung cancer, he would advise a CT scan. Low dose CT scans help I early diagnosis of cancer unlike recently when there were no good screening tests to confirm lung cancer.

New therapies show promise
Targeted therapies are a reality now and may now be as effective as and with lesser side effects than a standard chemotherapy procedure. These therapies aim to target the cancerous cells without affecting the neighboring healthy cells, thereby causing minimal side effects. These targeted therapies work on the principle of identifying the genetic mutation that happen in lung cancer patients and then addressing them specifically, rather than generically.

It’s never too late to kick the butt
Smoking contributes largely towards increasing the risk of developing cancer in lungs. For those who have been smoking actively, deciding to quit can reduce their chances of getting lung cancer drastically.
However, quitting smoking is easier said than done since nicotine is addictive and while there are various formulations available to address the weaning off phase, the patient can follow the principle of four D’s:

  • Deep breathing
  • Drinking lots of water
  • Divert your mind to avoid cravings
  • Delay to reach out for a cigarette

Many people like to eat grilled food, which brings a smoky flavor to your food, but do many people believe that grilled food can cause cancer, but how much truth is there about this, you need to know through this blog.

So far there has been no evidence that eating grilled food causes cancer. But cooking meat at the high temperatures you use to grill generates heterocyclic amines (HCAs) and poly cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Hetero cyclic amines (HCAs) and poly cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are chemical substances that have been found to be mutagenic leading to changes in DNA that may increase the risk of cancer. It is not exactly that Grilled Food Cause Cancer, but the process of cooking food can be unhealthy.

HCAs are exclusively formed when amino acids, sugars, and creatine react at high temperatures and are found in significant amounts only in meats cooked at high temperatures and not otherwise.

PAHs on the other hand, are formed when animal fat and juices from meat are released on being heated on a grill. These drip onto the fire, causing flames that re rich in PAHs that again adhere to the surface of the meat.

However if grilling of food is what stimulates your taste buds, there are many ways that you can use to reduce the formation of HCAs and PAHs.

Find effective ways to reduce formation of HCA’s and PAH’s and understand the question, “Does Eating Grilled Food Cause Cancer?”

  • Marinate your Meats:
    Marinate acts a barricade between your meat and carcinogens and your choice of marinades can decide the extent of formation of these harmful chemicals and can cut down their formation to more than 80%. Most of the marinades have high antioxidant property contributing significantly to act against these carcinogens.
  • Cut Back on Grill Time:
    When grilling meats, it is advisable to cut down your cooking time. Choose fish, which cooks faster than chicken or use various techniques to precook the meat to cut down the exposure to harmful chemicals that generates for prolonged exposure on the grill.
  • Avoid Processed Meats:
    Grilling processed foods can lead to generation of many harmful chemicals since they are already preserved
  • Grill Veggies or Fruit:
    Instead of grilling meats, take a pick on one of your choicest veggies and grill them. Since HCAs and PAHs are released as a result of high temperature burning of animal protein, vegetables are much safer choices and may even help in cutting down the risk of cancer.
  • Clean the Grill:
    One of the very important ways of ensuring a healthy cooing on the grill is to scrape the remaining leftovers from the grill once you are done. Most of these leftover can become carcinogenic residue if not removed for long.
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